What is the meta-universe? - Dr. Hua-jun Peng


1 the introduction

Origin of the metadverse

Metaverse is a term coined in the 1992 science fiction novel avalanche, which depicts a vast virtual reality world in which people use digital avatars to control and compete with each other to improve their status, and is still described as futuristic. [1] As for the "metasomes", the more recognized source of the idea is Professor Vernor Vinci, an American mathematician and computer expert. In his 1981 novel The Real Names, he creatively conceived a virtual world that could be accessed and experienced through a brain-computer interface.

Roblox, the world's largest sandbox gaming platform, sparked a frenzy when it debuted on the New York Stock Exchange with a market value of $40 billion on its first day of trading, a tenfold jump from last year's valuation of about $4 billion.

Roblox identifies eight key features that lead to a "metasverse," Immersive: Identity, Friends, Immersive, LowFriction, Variety, Anywhere, Economy, Civility. But to be honest, most of these eight features have been implemented in many games, such as Animal Friends and Minecraft. Communication University of China once held a fake graduation ceremony in Minecraft, and netizens said that it looked like hogwarts school meeting was very magical.

2 yuan universe technology platform

Just like the scene in the movie ready Player One, one day in the future, people can switch identities anytime and anywhere, freely shuttle between the physical world and the digital world, and study, work, make friends, shop, travel and so on in the "meta-universe" composed of virtual space and time nodes. Metaverse, a virtual world built on a blockchain, is a decentralized platform that gives players ownership and autonomy. Through immersive experience, make virtual closer to reality.

The technology is respectful but ultimately it depends on the application scenario and product efficacy. There is no need for users to really understand the difference between snapdragon 855 and Snapdragon 888 and the progressive relationship between the two. Sticking to a game company's concept of the metasomes is nothing more than creating games that are more enjoyable to play, like a decorated house. The high degree of freedom, interactivity, and richness that can be achieved in today's games is simply a matter of cost.

The technical basis of the 3-dimensional universe

From the perspective of technology, the "meta-universe" in the technical sense includes content system, blockchain system, display system and operating system, and finally displays the 3D interface beyond the screen limit, representing the holographic platform era following the PC era and mobile era. The technology cluster supporting the Metasverse consists of five blocks:

3.1 Network and computing power technology: including spatial positioning algorithm, virtual scene fitting, real-time network transmission, GPU server, edge computing to reduce costs and network congestion;

3.2 Artificial intelligence;

3.3 Video game technology: such as the game engine that supports the program code and resources of the game (graphics, sound, animation);

3.4 Display technology: VR, AR, MR, especially XR, continuous iterative upgrading, virtual immersion reality experience ladder, deepening perceptual interaction;

3.5 Blockchain technology: through smart contracts, decentralized clearing and settlement platforms and value transfer mechanisms, value ownership and circulation are guaranteed to achieve stable, efficient, transparent and deterministic operation of the economic system.

What is the representation of the 4-dimensional universe

We judge that the ultimate form of the meta-universe will be a perfect blend of openness and closure. Just as Apple and Android can coexist, the future of the metasomes is unlikely to be dominated by one company, but neither is it likely to be without superplayers. Superplayers strike a balance between closure and openness, a balance that may be voluntarily pursued or imposed by international organizations or governments.

As a result, we tend to think of the future of the metadverse as one in which open and closed systems coexist and can even be locally connected, where the larger and smaller universes are nested, where the smaller universes have a chance to expand, and the larger universes have a chance to collide and integrate, just like our real universe.

The end of the meta-universe will consist of multiple meta-universes with different styles and fields to form a larger meta-universe. The identity and assets of users will be synchronized across the meta-universe, and people's life style, production mode and organizational governance mode will be reconstructed. The full version of the meta-universe will carry greater merchant value, and in terms of the Chinese market, there may be new superplayers, as well as new startups emerging in the niche.


In addition to being a digital space concept, the metadverse can also be a physical space concept. The Internet of Things will feed data, geospatially triggered content mirrors into the meta-universe, allowing us to understand, manipulate and simulate the real world in new ways. The virtual real estate of the meta-universe supports digital assets, and all kinds of digital art can shine in this space. "Yuan" the universe is still in the development of the enlightenment, but it gradually in the process of building, and virtual reality human beings are to form a new social relationships and emotional connection, the evolution of biological information technology and the evolution of the social and cultural ethics interweave, economics, sociology and philosophy will face major challenges. These seemingly distant and empty problems, perhaps should be given enough attention at present.