Neutrinos are one of the most basic particle of the natural world, is not charged, quality, interact with other substances is very weak, easily through the ordinary matter and not react, it can be straight through the earth, in the way through the earth when the loss is very small, with high energy accelerator neutrinos through the earth to produce 1 billion electron volts only one over one thousand attenuation. The study of neutrino communications, which could be modulated to contain useful information and communicate between any two points on earth without the need for expensive and complex satellites or microwave stations, would revolutionise mankind.
Using micro integration technology, high-speed information of individual organisms, parallel processing, collection and analysis for the fields of research (biological genetic engineering, disease diagnosis and drug research, cell analysis, interaction between biological molecules, etc.) to provide technical support and operation platform, help more real understanding of the process of life phenomenon.
Microwave photonic integration is an integrated optoelectronic device that modulates microwave into optical frequency band and realizes the generation of microwave signal, broadband/high-speed processing and receiving in optical frequency domain. It has the advantages of small size, light weight, low power consumption and multi-function. It is the core component of the future air, air and earth information integration network, the next generation broadband wireless access network and electronic countermeasures system. This integrated device will be widely used in communication, holographic science and other fields.
The quantum circuits are integrated on the substrate to carry the function of quantum information processing, which can significantly improve the computing speed and capability. Referring to the development history of traditional computer, the research of quantum computer needs to take the road of integration in order to realize commercialization and industrial upgrading after overcoming the bottleneck technology. For example, once the semiconductor quantum chip breaks through the threshold of fault-tolerant quantum computing in terms of decoherence time and control accuracy, it is expected to integrate the existing achievements of the traditional semiconductor industry, greatly save the development cost and significantly improve the computing speed and capability.
A technique of levitating an object by using magnetic force to overcome gravity. It is a typical high and new mechatronics technology integrating electromagnetism, electronic technology, control engineering, signal processing, mechanics and dynamics. With the development of electronic technology, control engineering, signal processing components, electromagnetic theory and new electromagnetic materials, and further research on rotor dynamics, magnetic levitation will be applied in more fields, including the presentation mode of holographic technology and so on.
Decay, also known as decay, is the process by which a radioactive element discharges particles into another element. An unstable (that is, radioactive) nucleus can become more stable by radiating particles and energy. These emitted particles or energies (the latter emitted in the form of electromagnetic waves) are collectively called radiation. The radiation emitted by an unstable nucleus may be alpha particles, beta particles, gamma rays, or neutrons. Radioisotopes are now being produced on a large scale and widely used in various sectors such as industry, agriculture and medicine.
Fusion reactions, or thermonuclear reactions, are often accompanied by the release of energy. Nuclear fusion could be the future source of energy. The research of fusion technology and controlled nuclear fusion is an important part of the knowledge base of fusion energy. The content includes materials, engineering science and technology development. Fusion energy has great potential in solving energy problems, and will play an irreplaceable role in human energy strategy. China is a large developing country with a large population and relatively deficient energy resources. The development of fusion energy is an important part of China's energy strategy.
Fission, also known as fission, is a form of nuclear reaction in which heavy nuclei are split into two or more less massive atoms. Fission releases tremendous amounts of energy and has practical applications in military and energy applications. The energy released by fission is related to the way mass - energy is stored in the nucleus. Energy storage efficiencies are essentially continuous, from the heaviest elements all the way to iron, so any process by which a heavy nucleus can split into a lighter nucleus (up to iron) is advantageous in terms of energy relationships.